Yorkshire Terrier

Are you the type that likes a little spice with your sweet? Then the Yorkshire Terrier will keep you very interested. Like any good super hero, this little guy doesn't advertise his skills, he keeps his true identity on the down low with a genius disguise. 

Underneath those silvery blue locks is a regular street fighter, born to hunt and destroy nasty vermin. If you're an alley rat, at the wrong end of the Yorkie, you've met your match. This little guy was bred to catch bad guys before breakfast.

A Little History

The Yorkshire Terrier was bred to work hard in the coal mines and textile mills of the industrial age. A relatively young breed, the Yorkshire is Scottish born.

His terrier blood runs thick because he is descended from a mixed bag of original terriers. Some say the Maltese lent the Yorkie his silky coat, while the Clydesdale terrier of long ago may have given him his coloring. The Black and Tan English Toy Terrier and Skye Terrier are thought to have had a part in the Yorkshire Terrier's development as well.

Actually, no-one is absolutely sure what mixture of original breeds were used to produce this beautiful and courageous little fellow. But the Scottish weavers and miners were drawn to the factories of England in hopes of work and with them came the pocket sized terrier they used to catch vermin. 

This little dog has always been useful, but as he became familiar to ladies of the towns, the Yorkshire enjoyed a new popularity as a house pet. 

From Rags to Gucci Bags

The Yorkshire Terrier has a rags to riches story. He rose from the coal mines and factories to the arms, (and purses), of the most glamorous movie stars.

He now enjoys the kind of fame and adoration we can only dream of. The little Yorkie is now one of the most popular toy breeds in history.

Though the Yorkshire Terrier is now living in style, he hasn't lost his edge. His terrier character is still there, rough and ready. He is an affectionate pet to his family members, but if you are a stranger, it's best to take it very slowly.

It is so tempting to try to hold the Yorkie because he is so cute, but you better wait until he says it's okay, or you might not like his reaction. It is this independent and lively spirit that makes the Yorkshire so endearing. He has no idea how small he is. He thinks he's a big dog. 

The ability to go to ground for vermin lives on in the Yorkie. He is not afraid to go after anything that tries to hide in dark holes or closets. And if you think you need an alarm system, just get a Yorkshire Terrier, he'll let you know if anyone's invading his territory!

This little firecracker loves to be active. He can sustain long walks and lots of exercise. He is well adapted to smaller yards and apartments because of his size. But don't be fooled by that, the little Yorkshire Terrier loves to move. Give him plenty of interesting toys and ways to expend some of his energy by running. He is intelligent and alert and able to find his own games to play if you're not willing.

Though the Yorkie thinks of himself as a big strong dog, it's best to have children old enough to realize how fragile his little body really is. Socialize your Yorkie well so that he does not become nippy. Introduce him to many people and let him go at his own pace. 


Weight: must not exceed 7 pounds.

The Yorkshire Terrier should carry his head high and have a confident manner.

The body should be compact and firm. The back should be rather short and level. The height at the withers should be the same as the height of the rump.

The Blue and Tan coat should be parted from nose to tail down the middle and fall straight, not wavy.

Head color should be a deep rich tan, darker on the sides from the root of the ear to the muzzle. The tan should not extend to the back of the neck.

Marking on the chest, forelegs, and hocks should be a bright rich tan color. 

Color from withers to tail should be blue without black hairs.

The tail should be the deepest color blue and be carried slightly higher than the level of his back. Tail is docked to a medium length.


The Yorkshire Terrier coat is a special consideration. If you desire your dogs coat to be long, know in advance that it will take more than casual care. 

The Yorkie coat should be silky in texture, in order to keep the coat it must be put up in cloth strips to keep it from matting and breaking. When down, the coat must be brushed with a natural bristle brush every day.

The shampoo used to wash his coat is important. It should not leave a residue nor should it strip the hair. Baby shampoo's are often useful, but there are many professional products available. The Yorkie's coat can be smoothed with any oil specifically for this purpose. Remember to use oil sparingly, and when applying it do not rub into the skin. Use a fine oil, rub into your hands first until it is almost gone and then apply to the coat only.

Many people prefer to have their Yorkie in a short cut. To achieve the look you want go to a professional groomer that is familiar with cutting a Yorkie coat into styles. Never shave your Yorkie's coat by yourself unless you have been trained to do so.

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